High-Resolution Profiling Reflectance Radiometer (PRR)

Hand deployment of PRR-800 radiometer.Hand deployment of PRR-800 radiometer.PRR-800 and PRR-2600 systems combine precision radiance and irradiance optics, high-performance data acquisition systems, and surface-mount electronics in a compact, rugged design. The PRR-800 is a 15–19 waveband, SeaWiFS-compliant reflectance radiometer. The less-expensive PRR-2600 is equipped with 8 reflectance wavebands. The instrument is intended to be lowered by hand from a vessel, supported from its own data cable, with the output from the sensors available in real time on a Microsoft Windows compatible computer. Accessories, such as lowering frame, free-fall system, and underwater shielded Kevlar cable, must be ordered separately. A typical PRR system would include both the submersible PRR, a radiometrically matching surface reference sensor (810 or 2610), deployment system (frame or free-fall), cables, and battery powered deckbox (included with PRR). An entire system can be battery-powered, assuming that the required PC is also battery-powered.

Key Features

  • High speed (20 Hz), very wide dynamic range (10 decades)
  • PRR-800 standard 15 wavelengths per end, expandable to 19 wavelengths per end
  • PRR-2600 standard 8 wavelengths per end
  • Small, rugged, lightweight, battery-powered
  • Choose between approximately 30 available wavelengths 
  • Highly flexible configurations: downwelling irradiance (Ed), upwelling radiance (Lu) or upwelling irradiance (Eu)
  • Hand deployed, free-fall, or split designs (PRR-800 only) for turbid waters
  • Additional PRR heads may be daisy-chained to support hyperspectral research 
  • Available with radiometrically matching surface sensor (PRR-810 or PRR-2610) 
  • Requires only a single COM port for both instruments
  • Cosine collector design is optimized for use underwater or in air

Download PRR-800 Brochure
Download PRR-2600 Brochure

Product Description

PRR-800 in single housing free fall configurationPRR-800 in single housing free fall configuration

The PRR-800's small size (10 cm x 56 cm) minimizes shadow and allows the instrument to be hand-deployed from a vessel as small as an outboard-powered inflatable. This versatile instrument can be equipped for traditional vertical profiling using a lowering frame or in free-fall mode away from the ship using a syntactic foam collar, thereby avoiding ship shadows. 

The instrument is also available in an optional split configuration for use in turbid coastal regions. The split PRR-800 configuration separates the Lu and Ed heads and orients them on a special lowering frame so that the detector plates are aligned on a horizontal plane. This configuration is intended for turbid water applications where minimal distance between heads is desirable.

The PRR-800's modular design also allows daisy-chaining multiple instrument heads to achieve hyper-spectral resolution without sacrifices in dynamic range and spectral purity which are inherent in spectrometer-based designs. 

The use of an individual cosine collector simplifies optical calibrations and is optimized for use underwater. Surface radiometers are optimized for use in air. The internal data acquisition system incorporates the newest advances in dynamic range to allow instrument use over a greater range of ambient irradiances and turbidities. Together these enhancements make the PRR-800 ideal for high-speed measurements of ocean color throughout the euphotic zone. 

Sampling Strategy:  Each sensor head contains an independent microprocessor and complete data acquisition system. These microprocessors sample synchronously and the individual modules compile data streams for transmission to the surface.

Split PRR-800 in SubOPS freefall configurationSplit PRR-800 in SubOPS freefall configuration

Auxiliary Sensors:  Auxiliary instruments that may be integrated include beam transmission, fluorometers, or other low-power, analog-output auxiliary sensors (consult factory). 

Deckbox:  PRRs are equipped with a compact, water-resistant, rechargeable, battery-powered deckbox that provides computer interface and power distribution. Normal operating time between charges is approximately 18 hours with a 24-hour recharge time. Along with the deckbox, BSI also provides a 2-m RS-232 cable and an AC adapter/charger. 

Cables:   6-conductor, red, braided jacket Kevlar cable (PSC-805) for use with the PRR must be ordered separately. Custom lengths are available up to 350 m. Identical cable (PSC-810) is provided with the surface reference sensor in a standard 25-m length. As noted above, a 2 m RS-232 cable is also provided with the deckbox. 

PROFILER software screenshotPROFILER software screenshot

Software:   BSI provides PROFILER, a Windows-based data acquisition and analysis software with the PRR. This software allows the host PC to acquire data and display it on a monitor. The software includes full graphical display with multiple user-selected channels. Data files are recorded in an ACCESS® database format. The profiler package includes user-specified configuration to speed profile setup.

PRR-810 and PRR-2610 Surface Sensor:   PRR systems may be fitted with a surface downwelling irradiance sensor designed to radiometrically match the array of the underwater sensor, but optimized for use in air. Operating together, the two instruments may be used to check for interference from shadows cast by boats or clouds and to assist in algorithm development, such as atmospheric corrections. 

Specifications

Each PRR is extensively tested and characterized. Both graphically and numerically tabulated data are provided for each spectral channel. Test results for pressure and temperature calibrations are included. Calibration of radiance and irradiance is referenced to NIST Standards of Spectral Irradiance. 


PRR-800 Physical

  • Diameter:  10.2 cm (without fins); 40 cm (with fins) 
  • Length:  55.9 cm 
  • Depth Range:  350 m (recommended max. operating) 
  • Materials:  PET plastic housing, anodized aluminum fins (optional), stainless steel lowering frame (optional) 
  • Weight:  4.8 kg in air, near neutral in water (without fins); 5.9 kg in air, 0.9 kg in water (with fins) 
  • Temperature Rating:  –5°C to 50°C 
  • Typical Performance:  Terminal velocity and attitude within 2 m; free-fall orientation less than 2° tilt. 

PRR-800 Optical Features

  • Spectral Range:  313–875 nm 
  • Available Wavelengths:  Choose between approximately 30 available wavelengths 
  • Bandwidth:  10 nm FWHM standard; 20 nm FWHM optional 

PRR-800 Sensors

  • Standard:  Upwelling radiance (15 wavelengths standard, up to 19); downwelling irradiance (15 wavelengths standard, up to 19); pitch and roll; detector array temperature; PRT water temperature; pressure/depth 
  • Optional:  Dark diodes and integration of beam transmissometer, fluorometer or similar low-power analog device 

Irradiance Array

  • Filter Type:  Custom low-fluorescence interference 
  • Cosine Collector:  Teflon-covered quartz 
  • Collector Area:  3.81 cm2 
  • Out-of-band Rejection:  1 x 10-6 
  • Angular Response:  ±2% from 0° to 65°; ±10% from 65° to 85° 
  • Typical Saturation:  105 µW cm-2 nm-1 
  • Noise Equivalent Irradiance:  10-5 µW cm-2 nm-1 

Radiance Array

  • Detectors:  Custom 13 mm2 silicon photodiodes 
  • Filter Type:  Custom low-fluorescence interference 
  • Field of View:  10° half-angle in water (SeaWiFS-compatible) 
  • Out-of-band Rejection:  1 x 10-6 
  • Typical Saturation:  10-3 Wcm-2 nm-1 sr-1 
  • Noise Equivalent Radiance:  10-12 Wcm-2 nm-1 sr-1 

System Electronics/Data Acquisition

Typical System Data Rate:  12 to 15 data frames per second  (varies with computer port speed)
Interchannel Sampling Delay:  500 µs +/-175 ns 
Data Acquisition Subsystems:  26 channels per head with PGA and 16-bit A/D combination to yield 10 VFS and 1.3 µV LSB. Preamps designed to cover 10 decades of signal by manual or autor-anging.
Output:  RS-485 or RS-232 full duplex at 57 kbaud. Single COM port for both instruments (PRR-800 and PRR-810) 

Deckbox

Cable:  2 m RS-232 serial interface
Battery Power:  Rechargeable 12-V gel cell battery. LED indicator light for low battery voltage
AC Adapter/Charger:  Universal 90–240 VAC, 50–60 Hz 

PRR-810 Surface Sensor

Downwelling irradiance sensor to match the array of the underwater sensor, but optimized for use in air.

  • Diameter:  10.2 cm 
  • Length:  37.8 cm 
  • Materials:  Aluminum housing 
  • Weight:  3 kg (in air) 
  • Temperature Rating:  –10°C to 50°C 
  • Channels:  15 wavelengths standard, expansion options up to 19  
  • Bandwidth:  10 nm FWHM, 20 nm FWHM optional 
  • Standard Sensors:   Downwelling irradiance (15 wavelengths standard, up to 19) and detector array temperature 
  • Optional Sensors:  Pitch and roll; dark diodes
Download PRR-800 Brochure
Download PRR-2600 Brochure
Last Updated on Monday, 18 October 2010 10:13
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